Policy Research

img 1On 29 march 2015, SUPRO shared it’s budget tracking report at Dhaka Reporters’ Unity in a media conference. Budget tracking is conducted to identify the policy and practice gap between budget allocation and expenditure, as well as to measure the performance of budget implementation. With a view to identify government deficits in provided essential services and to find out how allocated resources resulted in service delivery to the people, this tracking is performed.
Prf. Dr. Abu Eusuf, prominent teacher of Dept. of Development Studies of University of Dhaka presented the short version of the report. One field survey has been conducted at sadar Upozilla of Sylhet district for the purpose of the study/report.

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img 1Master in Governance Studies (MGS) of DU, in association with the SUPRO and OXFAM, organized the seminar in Professor Mozzaffor Ahmed Chowdhury auditorium at Social Science Faculty, Dhaka University.
SUPRO’s general secretary & student of MGS Md Arifur Rahman placed the seminar paper & also placed a set of recommendations including implementing a fair, transparent and inclusive tax collection method to bring untaxed public in the government's tax net. SUPRO called upon the National Board of Revenue (NBR) and civil society people to come forward to translate public apathy toward taxation into active public engagement, which will also work to curb tax evasion.
SUPRO also stressed the need for advocacy and campaign in order to create political pressure to reform the taxation system by active public participation. The civil society network also recommended ensuring direct tax based budget and increasing budget allocation in essential public services, particularly in education, health, agriculture and social protection.

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img 1Campaign for Good Governance-SUPRO has organized a National Consultation on the findings of Baseline Survey on Tax, Tax Gap Analysis and Tax System in Bangladesh in cooperation with ‘Oxfam’ on March 31, 2014 at The Daily Star Center.
Member of NBR, Kalipada Haldar was the chief guest where Conor Molly, ACD-In Charge of Oxfam Novib and Farah Kabir, Country Director of ActionAid Bangladesh were present at the seminar as guest speakers. The seminar was presided over by Chairperson of SUPRO Mustafizur Rahman Khan and moderated by GS of SUPRO Md. Arifur Rahman while Rubbayat Hashmi , a Researcher presented the findings of baseline survey.

The Report says in recent years, the Government of Bangladesh has initiated several administrative and policy reforms in the tax system. Bangladesh is gradually improving to increase the tax-GDP ratio over the years (9.98% in 2011). The performance is still unsatisfactory as compared to other countries at a similar stage of economic development in terms of tax-GDP ratio. Economists often argue that the tax- GDP ratio should be 20% for sound management of public sector and economic development and Bangladesh is well far from that.  In Bangladesh, the collection of tax revenue mainly depends on indirect tax sources rather than direct taxes (direct tax 25.05% and indirect tax 57.57 in 2011-12) where VAT is important source that directly and indirectly affecting poor and general people as well.

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